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Nagarakretagama dan Tafsir Sejarahnya: A Review




Nagarakretagama is a 14th-century Javanese poem that narrates the history of the Majapahit Kingdom, one of the largest and most powerful empires in Southeast Asian history. The poem was written by Mpu Prapanca, a court poet and a minister of King Hayam Wuruk, who ruled Majapahit from 1350 to 1389. The poem consists of 63 cantos and covers various aspects of Majapahit's culture, society, religion, politics, and military. The poem also describes the king's travels to various regions under his control, such as Bali, Sumatra, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, and the Philippines.


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Nagarakretagama is considered as one of the most important sources of information about Majapahit and ancient Java. However, the poem is not a straightforward historical account, but rather a literary work that reflects the poet's perspective and interpretation of the events. The poem also contains many mythical and legendary elements, such as the origin of Majapahit from a divine revelation, the miraculous birth of Hayam Wuruk, and the prophecy of the kingdom's decline. Therefore, the poem needs to be read critically and carefully, with an awareness of its context and purpose.


One of the most influential scholars who studied Nagarakretagama and its historical implications was Slamet Muljana, an Indonesian historian and linguist. In his book Nagarakretagama dan Tafsir Sejarahnya (Nagarakretagama and Its Historical Interpretation), published in 1979, Muljana provides a comprehensive analysis of the poem and its relation to other sources, such as inscriptions, chronicles, foreign accounts, and archaeological evidence. Muljana also discusses the political, social, economic, and cultural aspects of Majapahit, as well as its role in the development of Indonesian national identity.


Muljana's book is widely regarded as a seminal work in Indonesian historiography and a valuable contribution to the understanding of Nagarakretagama and Majapahit. The book is written in Indonesian and has 346 pages. It is divided into 12 chapters, each focusing on a different topic or theme related to the poem and its historical context. The book also includes an index, a bibliography, and several illustrations. The book is available in print format from various libraries and bookstores, or in digital format from online sources.


If you are interested in learning more about Nagarakretagama and Majapahit, or if you are looking for a reliable source of information for your research or study, you may want to read Nagarakretagama dan Tafsir Sejarahnya by Slamet Muljana. It is a well-written, well-researched, and well-argued book that will enrich your knowledge and appreciation of one of the most fascinating periods in Indonesian history.


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